1. Sumgayit, Azerbaijan
– 250 000 potentially affected
– 40 factories manufacturing chemicals
– 120 000 tons of harmful emissions
– Cancer rates 51% higher than average

2. Linfen, China
– 3 million affected
– Provides 2/3 of nation’s coal energy
– Worst air quality in China, pollutants include arsenic and sulphur dioxide
– High rates of lead poisoning in children

3. Tianying, China
– 140 000 affected
– Largest lead production base in China
– Lead concentrations are 10x higher than national health standards
– 85% of air samples have lead concentrations

4. Sukinda, India
– Contains 97% of India’s chromite ore
– 30 million tons of waste rock
– 60% of drinking water contains twice the national standard of hexavalent chromium
– 2.6 million potentially affected

5. Vapi, India
– 400 km belt of industrial estates
– Waste products include heavy metals, cyanides, pesticides and other toxins
– Mercury in the groundwater is 96 times higher than WHO standards
– Very high incidences of respiratory diseases and numerous cancers

6. La Oroya, Peru
– Population of 35 000 and a polymetallic smelter
– 99% have blood lead levels exceeding acceptable limits
– Very high rates of premature deaths
– Vegetation destroyed by acid rain

7. Dzerzhinsk, Russia
– 300 000 tons of chemical waste was disposed here between 1930 and 1998
– In certain places the water has levels of dioxins 17 million times higher than what is deemed safe
– In 2003 the death rate exceeded birth rate by 260%
– Average life expectancy for me is 42

8. Norilsk, Russia
– Contains world’s largest heavy metal smelting complex
– 2 million tons of sulphur dioxide is released into the air annually
– Life expectancy for factory workers is 10 years less than Russian average
– 15,8% of deaths among children are caused by respiratory diseases

9. Chernobyl, Ukraine
– Location of the world’s worst nuclear disaster
– 20 years after the disaster the exclusion zone still remains uninhabitable
– 5 million people inhabit the affected area around Chernobyl
– Infertility and birth defects remain high

10. Kabwe, Zambia
– Mining and smelting of zinc and lead began in 1902 and ran until 1994
– Most workers and residents of the area have been exposed to toxic levels of lead due to a waterway running from the mine to town and the inhalation of dust
– In many cases children’s blood lead levels are regarded as potentially fatal

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